When shots were fired at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the Civil War began—and so did a new era in American photojournalism. But even though the conflict was the first U.S. war to be systematically photographed, photographs of Black Civil War soldiers, 160 years later, are hard to find. Even harder to find are…

What Rare Images of Black Military Surgeons Reveal About the Civil War Era—and Today